Self Defense Forces, its potential for being effective is likely to be much improved. This would be likely not only because of the shifting focus of U.
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This transformation would reinforce the vigilance of Americans about their national security and the threats posed by terrorism. While these activities would be the most obvious outcome of applying the Self Defense Forces paradigm to U.
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For this to be effective, U. This is not something that can be done effectively solely by U. It would require active participation by officials on the state and local levels and by individuals and non-governmental organizations. Because this milieu would be laden with complexity, pursuing truly effective policies predicated on the comprehensive security paradigm would require Americans to learn yet another lesson from Japan.
One of the hallmarks of Japanese society is its reliance on consensus building, with its roots in the Confucian tradition Japan shares with its East Asian neighbors. Nonetheless, Americans are fully capable of creating a national consensus through a process of civic debate. Given the likelihood that the creation of the proposed U. Self Defense Forces and the transformation of other U.
Against that background, one can expect U. This would require the United States to engage in governmental and non-governmental outreach programs to establish diverse dialogues with those who do, or may, pose threats to the United States. Today, that change in policy would most obviously focus on the Middle East and North Korea, which will warrant special attention for the foreseeable future.
All these applications of a reorganized U. If the United States were to modify its national security structure in the manner described here, drawing on the lessons Japan learned from its U. Three themes shall be examined: the impact of a complete homeland focus within overall U. If the United States were to overtly focus far more than it now does on national self defense, Americans would become much more attentive to U.
Therefore Americans would be far more likely than they are today, and have been since World War II, to differentiate between the national and international components of U. Assuming that a decision to emphasize homeland security by developing a U. Self Defense Forces structure would succeed in thoroughly protecting the U. Presumably, the United States would be far more reluctant to intervene militarily in far flung corners of the world unless the decision to intervene was predicated on an unequivocally demonstrable threat to the U.
That reluctance does not mean that the United States could never carry out such interventions for other reasons. Nor does it mean that the United States would lack the military means to intervene on occasions of its choice. But it does mean that the United States would be far more prudent about making any such decisions and would tend to pursue sound alternative options.
This would be feasible because the U. However, the remaining U. Given these options for U. Since the United States may well decide to play a less activist role in international security, the United States might want to help develop the means for the United Nations to fulfill a more activist international security role and encourage any American citizens who want to participate as individual volunteers to do so on the understanding that their voluntary participation would not obligate the U.
That U. It is plausible that Japan might embrace or oppose the changes in U. If Japan were to praise such a U. While one can hope that Japan would respond positively over the long run, it is more likely in the relatively near term that Tokyo would react less favorably.
Japan might well try to prove that its jieitai model is inappropriate for the United States because the U. Some in Japan would object to the United States altering the definition of national normality. The American public and U. Any such Japanese response can be disregarded as unconvincing compared to the logic behind U.
To compensate for any anxiety that such a change in U. On the assumption that each of the suggested U. This would necessarily vary from region to region. In various regions of the world, there are viable alternatives to the activist American role in international security affairs to which U.
Precisely how much the United States would be involved in this Asian security organization, as well as others elsewhere, would be up to the American electorate as they select leaders prepared to cope with the evolving global circumstances juxtaposed with enhanced U. Pursuing the U. Self Defense Forces paradigm can be advantageous as the United States seeks to provide effective homeland security. Unlike the postwar experiences of Japan, the United States does not require a global benefactor to subsidize its security.
Beyond that, in theory the United States can continue to play as activist a role in global security as the American people are willing to tolerate, but the United States and Japan must recognize that the more the American people accept the wisdom of focusing on genuine homeland national defense and avoiding interventionist internationalism, the more likely it is that sound U. Learning these lessons from U. Torr, ed. See also: www.
For an influential early example of that argument, see: Robert W. New York: Universe Books, Buck, ed. Patterson, Mr. For an alternative perspective on a prominent advocate of what conservatism should mean, see: Robert E. Herzstein, Henry R. For an alternative perception of what transpired in postwar Japan, see: Edwin P. Fine, Knopf, For recent examples, see: Mike M. Mochizuki, ed. Green and Patrick M. Cronin, eds. Ikenberry and Takashi Inoguchi, eds. Emmerson and Leonard A. Humphreys, Will Japan Rearm? Makin and Donald C.
Hellmann, eds. See, also, the earlier analyses in Gerald L. Curtis, ed. Policy New York: W. Sharpe, Ellings and Aaron L. Friedberg, eds.
Reinventing the Alliance: U.S.-Japan Security Partnership in an Era of Change
Rapp, Paths Diverging? The Next Decade in the U. Army War College, Defense Policy, Rethinking U. Olsen, U. What has been left unclear is the extent to which those new U. Nye, Jr. Litwak, Rogue States and U. Easy, Secure. Learn more. Definitely will re-order in periplus again. I hope Crisan Damayanti Jawa Barat.
Reinventing the Alliance
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The problems with our economy are so obvious that for the most part we don't talk about them anymore, says Ries, and many of them stem from the fact that elite decision makers have adopted an unusually short-term framework. This problem is further compounded because the number of decision makers today is much smaller than it used to be—there are half.
Neal Gorenflo launched the sharing economy-focused news site Shareable in , shortly after the beginning of the modern day sharing economy. A few years earlier, Gorenflo had an epiphany that led him to redirect his life from one that revolved around transactions to one that revolved around transformations. Consultant and Charrette LLC Partner Gary Bolles wants to understand the macro trends that are changing the future of work, and then to use this understanding to help individuals thrive in this new economy. Bolles think the unbundling of industries like media and products like the PC is a large part of the reason that we're seeing a fundamental shift in the economy and the nature of work.
Lee Rainie, Director of Internet, Science and Technology Research at Pew Research Center, believes we are in the middle of the fourth major technology-based revolution of the 21st century. Annise Parker, the mayor of Houston, Texas, from until January , is well-accustomed to navigating the often murky waters of sharing economy regulation. Parker's first experience with the sharing economy was using Zipcar's technology to manage Houston's fleet of light-duty vehicles. The biggest pain point overall, Divine says, is finding work and getting paid for that work. Quickbooks Self-Employed seeks to mitigate the administrative burdens faced by independent workers, so they can focus more on the actual work, and less on the attendant responsibilities that come with this work.
Bloomberg Beta Head Roy Bahat may spend his days "slinging money around," as he phrases it, discovering and investing in hot new artificial intelligence AI startups, but he devotes much of his free time helping to imagine and plan for the future of work. Julian Agyeman, a professor of Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning at Tufts University, believes that social justice and environmental justice are—or at least, should be—inextricably intertwined.
Agyeman cites research that demonstrates the link between social justice and environmental protection, adding, "Maybe the way we treat each other can be indicative of the way we treat the environment. Natalie Foster, Co-Chair of the Economic Security Project, is helping figure out what the future of work looks like in an economy no longer bound by traditional jobs, employee relations, or geographically organized unions. In this scenario, which is both our future, and increasingly, our reality, how can workers access benefits like workers comp and paid time off? Richard Florida, City Lab Co-Founder and editor at large, sees the contemporary American city as a battleground for class conflict, and believes that the solution is more urbanism—specifically, what Florida terms "urbanism for all.
In the face of a federal government often paralyzed by partisanship and gridlock, it's time to start focusing on policy innovation at the local level, especially in cities. Given the seemingly endless list of problems that need fixing, where should an innovative mayor start? Yochai Benkler, Berkman Professor of Entrepreneurial Legal Studies at Harvard Law School, first explored the potential of the modern sharing economy in a Yale Law Review article in , and is credited as one of the first people to articulate the concept. More than a decade later, Benkler spoke about how our reality measures up to his initial conception.
Co-Founder of Peers. Even if we wanted to bring back the unionized jobs that built the American middle class, Foster says, we can't.
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Trump loves to be pandered to, Schell pointed out, and cares more about whether he's "winning" the leader of a foreign country than advancing the national interests of the United States. Susan Lund, a partner at the McKinsey Global Institute, co-authored a December report titled "Jobs lost, jobs gained: Workforce transitions in a time of automation. From anti-immigrant backlash to corporate tax cuts, California has experienced many of the challenges and missteps that now face the United States as a whole, and came out on the other side as the progressive economic powerhouse it is today though of course, not without its own problems, including income inequality and an affordable housing crisis.
Peter also makes this case more comprehensively in his "California Is the Future" Medium series,. Mayor Nutter believes that city officials should first and foremost remain open to the possibility of disruptive companies that can provide new or better services to their constituents. While he admits there is no one-size-fits-all method to regulating and taxing the sharing economy, Mayor Nutter believes that it will continue to evolve and remain in demand, particularly among Americans concentrated in city centers.
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Tim Leberecht. Author and entrepreneur Tim Leberecht wrote the international bestseller The Business Romantic: Give Everything, Quantify Nothing, and Create Something Greater Than Yourself two years ago, in part as a response to our rampant tendency to over-quantify ourselves and our work. Leberecht believes that, particularly given the current transition to a more automated world, companies need to realize that efficiency alone isn't sufficient, and invest more in culture and relationships.
It's been 70 years since the atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ushering in the age of nuclear weapons - and a new arms race. For decades, the United States raced the Soviet Union to build up the triad of nuclear weapons systems: intercontinental ballistic missiles, long-range bombers, and submarines. The aging of the nuclear arsenal may present the best opportunity we've had in the last 70 years to phase out nuclear weapons. Are there ways to let go of nuclear weapons without sacrificing American security and peace of mind?
Today, 40 percent of U. The Disruptive Innovation Council, a subset of the CTA, does market research and lobbies governments in the hopes of promoting the idea that innovation is great for society. While drastically low gas prices may not mean anything more than savings at the pump for the average American consumer, shifts in global oil prices and production could bring the Middle East to the precipice of transformation. The flooded oil market - the result of U. Francesco Rutelli, former Mayor of Rome and a member of Airbnb's Mayoral Advisory Board, wants tourists visiting Italy to take full advantage of the wealth of culture that Italy has to offer.
Rutelli believes that Airbnb is part of the answer to the question of how to provide tourists with personalized experiences. The demand to build new hotels is incredibly high, according to Epler Wood, given that tourism is growing at twice the rate of global GDP. Carmen Rojas, CEO of The Workers Lab, founded the workers lab because she wanted to help ensure that upward mobility remains a possibility in the American economy. Rojas spoke about the experience of her immigrant mother, who was offered workplace training, benefits, a living wage, and a no-interest loan to buy a house through her job cleaning an office building, all of which allowed her "a footstep into the middle class.
During the heyday of print reporting, most major U. The advent of Internet news and the subsequent downsizing of newspapers and traditional media organizations have drastically altered how national security and foreign affairs are covered in the United States. Many reporters covering foreign affairs do so from the U. Stephen Yarwood, the former Lord Mayor of Adelaide, Australia, is a firm believer in our digital future. Alex Tapscott, a blockchain investor, entrepreneur, and author, launched The Blockchain Research Institute with his father in The Institute, which is comprised of more than 50 companies and governments—including Tencent, IBM, and the government of Canada—employs more than 40 research associates around the world, all of whom are researching "the way blockchain is going to change everything," in Tapscott's words.
Church is known for pioneering the specialized fields of personal genomics and synthetic biology. Empowerment or Exploitation? Sangeet Choudary, an entrepreneur and best-selling business author, makes a compelling case that the platform economy is better suited to certain types of work than others—namely, work that is highly differentiated, rather than work that is commoditized. Laura D. Ann-Marie Slaughter heads the nearly 20 year old New America - a think tank that considers itself "a civic platform that connects a research institute, technology lab, solutions network, media hub and public forum.
One way to read the election of Donald Trump is that Americans want the current system - the way our economy, society and government work - to undergo a fundamental transformation. What is the beginning of a political grand strategy that plays off Trump and creates a more transformational way forward that actually solves the challenges of our times?